Title: Philosophical Problems and their Roots in Mathematics

Abstract: The paper will defend the thesis that genuine philosophical problems have roots in the sciences or scientific approaches outside philosophy; and they are mutually connected and dependent on such problems. And if these roots are cut off the philosophical problems will become sterile, isolated and deceptive.

Specifically in this paper I want to show concerning three important perennial philosophical problems that digging out their mathematical root(s) throws new light on the problem and gives hints for a solution.

The three philosophical problems for which I will show that they have mathematical roots are the following:

(1) What is the essence of the material bodies ?

(2) What is being ?

(3) Is there a sufficient reason for everything?

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